Monday, March 31, 2014

AFRICAN RENAISSANCE: "In 2 To 3 Years Gazillionaires Will Be Coming Out Of Africa" - The Upstream Indigenous Revolution In Nigeria Is Seen As A Precursor To A Monumental Paradigm Shift In Capital Across The Motherland!

March 31, 2014 - NIGERIA -  With the swagger of a new generation, Shoreline swept up former Shell assets in 2012 to join the vanguard of Nigeria indigenous upstream revolution. Kola Karim, Group Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of Shoreline Energy International spoke to reporters in a recent interview.

Kola Karim Chief executive, Shoreline. Photo©Klearpics

How are things changing in the oil sector with regard to the financing of projects?

Kola Karim:
 What is happening today is we’ve now got a commanding position as African corporates because of the paradigm shift in capital – the pool of capital is shifting. African banks and financial institutions can write cheques now. I can sit down and say: “GTBank, write me a cheque of $350m,” done!

Shell and Chevron are getting out of onshore operations. How big is this and where is it leading?

Kola Karim: These guys are just restructuring. Let me tell you something, they’re just ripping people off as well, but the reality is it’s an opportunity. There’s a great opportunity for people like us to build humongous companies in a short time. You will never find these opportunities again. It happened in Russia. Mark my words, in two to three years you’ll see gazillionaires coming out of a place called Africa from the world of business.

I’ll give you a typical example so you can follow this analogy well. Shell has about 36 onshore licences in Nigeria. Now, if you look at the history of the Niger Delta problems, these guys had to shrink their operations or stop working in a lot of places because of these problems, then 12 years ago they went deep offshore.

Shell was producing about 1m barrels a day [bpd] from all these onshore/shallow water licences. Then they went deep offshore, and in one field called Bonga they knocked 250,000 barrels a day! So someone in The Hague is thinking ‘Hang on, why do I go through all this mess for 36 assets – some producing 3,000, 5,000, 15,000 [bpd] – if I can consolidate my position, go deep offshore where the guys from the Delta can’t reach me easily?’

So perhaps in about 10 years there won’t be any foreign companies operating onshore?

Kola Karim: I don’t think in 10 years, I give it five.

How do you compare in size with other local operators such as Oando?

Kola Karim: Oando’s not very big – there’s no one as big as we are today in exploration and production. In Nigeria, there are marginal field operators who are producing 2,000- 5,000 bpd. People like us, today we’re producing 44,000 bpd! So the game has changed. We’re just doing our numbers. This year alone we should do about 4.5-5m barrels – that’s a local company, and the game is changing! But what have we done better than SPDC [Shell Petroleum Development Company] or Shell? Simple, it’s to interface with the local community. It’s not easy, don’t get me wrong.

They don’t see you as a big Lagos boy who’s coming down to throw his weight about?

Kola Karim: No, not at all. Which side of the divide do you want to sit? We’ve said that we want to sit on the side of the people because if you sit on their side and work them well, you’ll achieve what you want to achieve. I’ve gone to ground zero to make sure our engagement is with every community. I’ll give you an example. There is a pump station that’s been closed for seven years. Shell called me and said how the hell did you get it opened? It’s pumping 4,800 barrels today.

How’s it going with your partner Heritage oil? Are you able to pull some of its technical knowhow into your own company?

Kola Karim: Oh, big time! The most senior director [of the joint venture] – Steve Kobak – is from Heritage. All the 22 engineers underneath him are Nigerians who are learning from him. We’ve got some in the United Kingdom back and forth. Because you see, for me, my focus is: learn, build a formidable, nimble African company. - The Africa Report.

AFRICAN VOICES: "Stop Discrimination, Black Is Beautiful" - Adama Paris, Creator Of Black Fashion Week, Putting Africa On The Global Fashion Map!

March 31, 2014 - SENEGAL - Wearing a stylish red dress and a beaming smile, celebrated fashion designer Adama Paris sits comfortably inside her spacious living room in Dakar, the vibrant seaside capital of Senegal, as we discuss her inspirations.

Twelve years ago, Paris launched Dakar Fashion Week, attracting international audiences to the Senegalese capital.
Photo: Frazer Harrison/Getty Images for Mercedes-Benz/file

"My designing process starts always with me," explains Paris. "With what I want to wear; with what is in my closet -- my style is multi-cultural, it's eclectic, it's the mix of my travels, it's bold, it's rocky," she adds. "It's African."

Indeed, for more than a decade the Senegalese designer has been putting African fashion to global runways and clothing stores -- from New York and London to Paris and Tokyo.

But besides spreading her stylish vision around the world, Paris is also bringing attention closer to home -- 12 years ago she founded Dakar Fashion Week, a popular event allowing designers from all over West Africa and beyond to showcase their colorful creations to fashion lovers and international media.

"The fashion scene in Senegal is so bold," says Paris, whose real name is Adama Amanda Ndiaye. "I have seen it grow like a baby and I am so proud to be a part of this."

Black Fashion Week

Following the initial success of the Dakar Fashion week, Paris began receiving invitations to attend big designers' shows in fashion capitals like London and New York. But whilst there, she quickly started feeling like an outsider.

"I was really frustrated," she says. "When I looked around there were so few black models and I felt like I wasn't belonging there."

The talented designer's clothes are sold in stores from New York and London to Tokyo and Paris.

That frustration was behind Paris' decision to start Black Fashion Week in 2010 to help promote the talented black designers and models that she felt were being ignored by the industry. Paris held the inaugural event in the Czech Republic, followed by editions in Paris, Montreal, Geneva and Bahia.

"I thought it was right ... to try to do something to help my own people and to get more exposure," she says. "It was not saying them they were wrong, it was saying, 'OK, we are here,'" adds Paris.

"It was also a statement [to] the fashion industry, 'stop this discrimination, black is beautiful.' I am sick and tired of seeing only skinny blonde girls and not black women in the runway."

From the runway to the TV screen

The daughter of diplomats, Paris spent much of her childhood traveling and soaking up other cultures before finally settling in France where she attended college. She first made a name for herself in the French capital but decided to bring her fashion home to Senegal in 2001.

Now, with a thriving label and flourishing annual events under her belt, the fashion entrepreneur is taking on her next business venture -- TV.

A two-year project in the making, Paris has had her heart set on creating a new avenue to promote local fashion talent. Starting with a reality show she describes as the "equivalent of America's Next Top Model," Paris wants to provide new opportunities for aspiring young models from the continent.

The designer's latest venture is the launch of a new fashion TV channel.

"We wanted really young girls and give them [an] opportunity to go outside Senegal to model in Africa -- South Africa, Angola [and] also in Europe. This is going to be a big deal because it is probably going to start their career."

Her other goal is to introduce viewers to alternative fashion designers. While there are currently channels devoted to fashion, Paris explains that they don't show enough African inspiration and when they do, coverage tends to focus on designers from South Africa.

"I want them to see us in Nigeria, Ghana, Dakar. That was the purpose of this channel," she says.

"I want people to see we have great designers. And that's what I'm going to show -- Africans wearing African clothes," adds Paris. Fashion made in Africa by Africans." - CNN.

EUROPEAN VAMPIRISM & RACISM: Taking A Stand Against The Pervasive And Systematic Emasculation Of The Black Male - Ethiopia Anti-Sodomy Bill Expected To Pass Next Week!

March 31, 2014 - ETHIOPIA -  In countries that are hardening anti-sodomy laws that affect their gay and lesbian citizens. Last week a bill was endorsed by Ethiopia’s Council of Ministers, making homosexual acts “unpardonable.” This bill is expected to pass quickly when it is brought to a vote next week.

Homosexual acts are frowned upon by almost all African cultures.

In Ethiopia, sexual same-gender acts are illegal and punishable with up to 15 years in prison. The jail term is 25 years if someone convicted of this felony also infects another person with HIV. A pardon is granted to thousands of prisoners every year on the Ethiopian New Year. However, if the new law is approved, the president will no longer have the power to carry out these pardons.

Ostensibly to derail negative comments, the head of the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission, Mr. Tiruneh Zena, said that a pardon is a privilege, not a right. Therefore he says that passing the bill would not be harmful to gays and lesbians, and he stated that it should not affect the gay community in any significant way.

Ethiopia and Thirty-eight countries in Africa criminalize homosexuality – approximately 70 percent of the continent. Imprisonment for same-sex acts is currently the law in Morocco, Algeria, Libya, Egypt, Senegal, Guinea, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, South Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and Namibia, as well as Ethiopia. The death penalty for gay acts is the law in Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Sudan, parts of Nigeria, Mauritania, and parts of Somalia. Only Mali, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, and South Africa consider homosexual acts legal, and in South Africa, it is in fact legal to marry a same-sex spouse. The other African nations have contradictory laws, for example, in Angola there are laws against discrimination, but people are jailed for homosexual acts.

Anti-gay sentiment and legislation is becoming more prominent throughout Africa. In Ethiopia, homosexuality is not discussed openly – not even by human rights groups. Passing the new bill next week would make the topic more openly discussed and expectations would change in this country within the Horn of Africa. (The Horn of Africa is a peninsula in North East Africa that extends hundreds of miles into the Arabian Sea.)

Ethiopia’s minister for women, children and youth affairs, Zenebu Tadesse, received criticism on social media for a Twitter post attributed to her that denounced Uganda’s recent harsh anti-gay law. She responded that her Twitter account had been hacked and the views were not her own. However, immediately after the Tweet was posted, her Twitter account was removed.


On the other side of the coin, just two years ago, Mr. Gay World featured two African men for the first time ever; they were from Namibia and Ethiopia. The purpose of the annual competition is both to champion homosexuality in Africa. The Ethiopian winner, 24-year-old Robel Hailu, has taken an enormous risk in participating in the South African event. In fact, his family found out about their son’s sexual orientation through media reports and has subsequently cut him off completely. While Hailu expected negative reactions, he didn’t expect that his family would disown him. He is a student in South Africa and now feels that he can never return home. He is fortified by the traumatic situation, however, saying that he now wants to speak out about how painful it is to be gay in Ethiopia.

Another gay Ethiopian man, Dr. Dagmawi Woubshet is Ethiopia’s first openly gay Ethiopian professor. He made the list of the ten best professors at Cornell University in New York, where he teaches. His students claim what a fair professor he is, and that, while he gives them difficult questions to ponder in class and through homework, he is dedicated and one of the best professors they have ever had.

The Foundation of International Human Rights Law is the human rights statement created through the aforementioned Ethiopian Human Rights Commission. The law speaks of the commitment to human rights in the form of principles, agreements, and domestic law, and includes guaranteed protection for all manner of human rights expressions.

The human rights law expressly states the importance of universal values and the inherent importance of human rights to the entire international community. The law includes fairness, universality, and non-discrimination, applied to everyone, everywhere and always. It speaks of how the entire community belongs to Ethiopia, including African women, men, children, youth, elderly; those living with HIV/AIDS and those with disabilities, both rural and city-dwellers. It continues that, even more than ever before, in a world that faces the threat of divides along racial, economic, and religious lines, these universal principles must be defended: equality, fairness, and justice for all people across all boundaries. It is unclear how the human rights law would work in tandem with the anti-gay bill that imprisons people for same-sex acts without any hope expected of pardon. After next week the country will see the results. - African Globe.

Thursday, March 27, 2014

THE RISE OF THE MOORS AND THE END OF THE RECESSIVE TIMELINE: The Precursors To The End Of The White Supremacy Paradigm - Pew Research Declares That The White Majority In The United States Is OVER, The Next Generation Will Be More Than 50 PERCENT Non-White!

March 27, 2014 - UNITED STATES - For the first time in American history, non-whites will make up half or more of the next generation, likely pushing Washington toward a bigger government — and the GOP better tone down their anti-government rhetoric if they want to win them, according to a top polling outfit.

At a briefing for congressional aides hosted by the moderate Republican Ripon Society, Pew Research Vice President Michael Dimock said that the trend among younger Americans is support for government programs and acceptance of Democratic Party policies.

“Their tendency is more liberal, their tendency is bigger government,” he said of so-called “millennials” born between 1979 and 1995. They will likely set the trend for the still-unnamed next generation.

“This is a generation that is 41 percent non-white; the generation behind it is likely to be close to 50 if not more than 50 percent non-white, and the anti-government kind of tone is one that really doesn’t resonate with that non-white sector in particular,” said Dimock at the Ripon retreat.

His advice to the GOP: “Try to take as much of the anti-government rhetoric out.”

Ripon provided Secrets with a video of his recent presentation. In it, he said that younger voters are both pro-government and pro-business, split over gun control, back abortion and believe welfare does more good than harm. What's more, they are not angry voters and are still politically diverse.

“I think he confirmed what a lot of Republicans already know, that the party has a lot of work to do with younger Americans, who view the GOP as politically rigid and ideologically out of step. If there’s a bright spot, it’s that millennials are increasingly untethered to either party, which means there’s a chance for Republicans to win them back,” said Ripon’s Lou Zickar.

 WATCH:  Pew Research VP Michael Dimock addresses Ripon Society's Annual Symposium - March 7, 2014.

Pollster John Zogby, who has dubbed millennials First Globals in his new book, said those born after 1979 already number 75 million and will grow to become bigger than the 78-million strong Baby Boom generation, and that should be good for Democrats.

We asked him about Dimock’s prediction and characterization of the current and coming generation.

Said Zogby, who does our weekly report card on President Obama: “The 41 percent non-white figure is right on the money and so is the projection. There is a strong libertarian streak, but they largely do not hate government if it can prove to be a problem-solver.

They have no patience for loud debates and for bureaucratic entropy, favoring quick and streamlined forms of problem-solving and decision-making -- just as they have learned in video games. There is also an upside to their all having received a trophy: They are great believers and practitioners in teamwork. This is potentially great news for Democrats and liberals (34 percent call themselves such), but mainly it is worse news for the GOP, who have no meaningful outreach or connectivity with them.” - Washington Examiner.

WATCH: Minorities Soon To Outnumber Whites In America.

Wednesday, March 26, 2014

AFRICAN START-UPS: Regina Agyare, The Founder Of Soronko Solutions In Ghana - 5 Reasons Technology World Needs More Geek Girls!

March 26, 2014 - GHANA -  "It was like taking a big leap of faith."

 Regina Agyare is the founder of Soronko Solutions, a software development company in Accra, Ghana's capital.

That's how Regina Agyare describes her decision back in 2012 to leave her well-paid job at a major international bank in Ghana's capital Accra to follow her dream and embark on her own entrepreneurial journey. Having worked for six years as the bank's only female IT specialist, Agyare quit everything to create Soronko Solutions, a software development company.

"My friends thought I was crazy," recalls Agyare. "But I was like, 'this is it!'"

One of Ghana's first female tech entrepreneurs, Agyare had to overcome many challenges in starting her business -- beginning with breaking the gender barrier in her country.
"As an African woman, the role is you go to school, you get a job, you marry," says Agyare, whose startup is now building corporate websites and e-commerce portals for more than 30 businesses in Accra.

"Entrepreneurship is not something that you are taught so I never saw myself as an entrepreneur."

Agyare's startup builds corporate websites and e-commerce portals for more than
30 small and medium businesses in Accra.

Her office is in a co-working space to save on rent, electricity and internet costs.

"I want the next CEO of Facebook to be a 12 year-old-Ghanaian girl!" says Agyare.

Last summer, out of a passion to pass on her expertise, Agyare co-founded "Tech Needs Girls," a mentorship and educational initiative aiming to encourage young women to pursue a career in technology. Along with other female computer scientists, she makes time to visit places like Nima, a slum right in the heart of Accra, to teach girls how to code and develop mobile and web applications.

CNN's African Start-Up caught up with Agyare to talk about her initiative and discuss the reasons why there should be more women in technology. Here's what she said.

Improving technical innovation
: "Currently we are missing out on valuable perspectives that 50% of the population can bring to designing the technology of the future. Research shows that diversity improves problem solving, productivity, innovation and ultimately the bottom line -- we need the female perspective in technology."

g social inequalities:
"Computing jobs are among the fastest growing and the highest paying, yet few women are benefiting from these occupations. This trend increases social inequalities and barriers to girls' future life opportunities. Girls need to have technology skills in order to thrive in the 21st century as more than 95% of all jobs have a digital component."

Teaching girls leadership skills and critical thinking: "By learning to create technology girls learn to speak up since they have to explain their work; they must stand tall in order to be taken seriously in this male-dominated field. The process of writing software is essentially solving a problem using critical thinking and a series of steps. The girls also get to express their creativity through their software designs."

Stopping the workforce exit
: "More than half (56%) of women in technology leave their employers at the mid-level point in their careers (10-20 years). Some describe themselves as lone wolves. Personally I found technology to be very lonely since I was always the only female in the IT department."

The numbers say it al
l: "In the United States, women hold less than 25% of science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) jobs. In the UK, women now make up 46% of the country's workforce, but hold only 15.5% of the STEM jobs -- this excludes medicine, which has a high representation of women. Each year the number of women studying and pursuing careers in technology goes down by 0.5% thus by 2043 at the current trend less than 1% of the global tech workforce will be female." - CNN.

INSIDE AFRICA: The United Nations Economic Commission For Africa Presents The Seventh AU-ECA Joint Annual Meetings - Industrialization For Inclusive And Transformative Development In Africa!

March 26, 2014 - AFRICA - The Seventh Joint AU Conference of Ministers of Economy and Finance and ECA Conference of African Ministers of Finance, Planning and Economic Development will be held on 25 to 30 March 2014, Abuja, Nigeria on the theme, “Industrialization for inclusive and transformative development in Africa ”.

The Conference will aim to provide a platform for policy makers to articulate concrete proposals to catalyze implementation of the Accelerated Industrial Development of Africa (AIDA) and increase commitment and actions to advance Africa’s industrial development agenda. The rationale for industrialization in Africa is grounded in the fact that most African economies concentrate economic activity in the extractive and commodity-producing sectors.

In turn, the capital-intensive nature of the extractive sector and the limited inter sectoral linkages between the primary sector and other sectors of the economy create limited opportunities for value chain development, value addition and job creation. Moreover, the primary sectors are characterized by low productivity and low wages which render employees vulnerable to poverty. 

In 2013 member States were urged to adopt coherent industrial policies, create institutional industrial policy mechanisms and coordinate line ministries to improve policy implementation. Building on the Joint Annual Session (2013), held in Abidjan, this conference will be an opportunity to identify challenges that need to be addressed at the national, regional, continental, and international levels to promote the coherent industrial development of Africa.

While countries are making concerted efforts in this regard, experts recognize that the road to industrialization is paved with a number of challenges, such as productivity and competitiveness necessary to take advantage of globalization and transform economies. Further, lack of infrastructure and technological advancement are constraints to doing business and undermines productivity.

Reversing the status quo and making advances in technology or infrastructure will not happen by chance in the continent - well thought and planned strategies with adequate allocation of resources in R&D for instance are required. The Conference is being organized by the ECA and the African Union Commission (AUC) in collaboration with the Nigerian government and will bring together African Ministers responsible for finance, planning and economic development, as well as governors of Central Banks and key leaders from the private sector. - UNECA.

Tuesday, March 25, 2014

ANCIENT ADVANCED BLACK CIVILIZATIONS: Two More Colossal Statues Of Pharaoh Amenhotep III Unveiled In Egypt - Monoliths Were Constructed During The Political And Cultural Zenith Of Ancient Egyptian Civilization!

March 25, 2014 - EGYPT - Archaeologists have revealed two massive statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III in the famous Egyptian city of Luxor, at their original sites in the funerary temple of the king, on the west bank of the Nile.

The two colossal statues will add to an existing pair of monoliths in the temple, which is already world famous for the 3,400-year-old Memmon colossi – twin statues of Amenhotep III who ruled during the political and cultural zenith of ancient Egyptian civilization, AFP reports.

Pharaoh Amenhotep ruled over an empire that extended from the Euphrates, where modern day Iraq is located, to Sudan, and managed to maintain Egypt’s position through diplomacy. Amenhotep became king at the age of 12 and died in 1354 BC.

The new statues have been extensively restored, as they have experienced severe damage over the centuries, according to Hourig Sourouzian, the German-Armenia archaeologist who is leading the project to conserve the entire Amenhotep III temple.

“The world until now knew two Memmon colossi, but from today it will know four colossi of Amenhotep III,” Sourouzian said.

“The statues had lain in pieces for centuries in the fields, damaged by destructive forces of nature like earthquakes, and later by irrigation water, salt encroachment and vandalism,” she added. 

Tourists and journalists stand next to a newly displayed statue of pharaoh Amenhotep III and his wife Tiye (Down)
in Egypt's temple city of Luxor on March 23, 2014. (AFP Photo)

A picture taken on March 23, 2014 shows newly displayed statues of pharaoh Amenhotep III
in Egypt's temple city of Luxor. (AFP Photo)

One of the new statues is of the pharaoh seated; it weighs 250 tons and is 11.5 meters tall and 3.6 meters wide. It is now missing its double crown, which would have made it 13.5 meters high and 450 tons in weight.
The seated Amenhotep III is wearing a royal pleated kilt and a zigzag decorated belt.

Beside his right leg rests the figure of his wife in a wig and a long fitting dress. However, the statue of queen mother Mutemwya, which should be by his left leg, is missing, the archaeologists said. The throne that the pharaoh is sitting on is decorated with scenes showing the unification of Lower and Upper Egypt.

The second statue, of Amenhotep standing, has been positioned at the north gate of the temple.

The archaeologists are also exhibiting several other ancient pieces of smaller, fragmented statues of the pharaoh and his relatives, including an extremely rare alabaster head of Amenhotep III. Next to the head is a statue of Princess Iset, his daughter.

Egyptian archaeological workers stand next to a newly displayed alabaster head from an Amenhotep III statue
in Egypt's temple city of Luxor on March 23, 2014. (AFP Photo)

Sourouzian said that her team is trying to conserve all these monuments and the temple itself, which had been left to the mercy of the elements and suffered at the hands of man.

“Every ruin, every monument has its right to be treated decently. The idea is to stop the dismantling of monuments and keep them at their sites,” she said.

She added that the work to preserve the Amenhotep temple is being funded entirely though private and international donations and that the only way to make sure they can complete their work is through steady international funding.

Luxor is a city of 500,000 on the banks of the Nile in southern Egypt, and is now an open air museum of pharaonic tombs and temples. With the exception of the colossi, very little today remains of Amenhotep’s temple because of its location on the Nile floodplain; successive floods have eaten away at the foundations. - RT.

THE RISE OF THE MOORS: The Precursors To The Complete And Total Detachment From Failed European Vampirism And Christian Dominionism - 6 Christians Shot Dead While Worshipping At Kenyan Church!

March 25, 2014 - KENYA - Two gunmen have stormed a church near the Kenyan coastal city of Mombasa and opened fire on worshippers, killing six people and wounding more than a dozen others, in what police are labeling a terrorist attack.

A bible next to a pool of blood inside the Joy Jesus church in Likoni near Mombasa. Photograph: Str/EPA

One witness says the gunmen, who burst in through the church's back doors, began shouting in a foreign language before shooting indiscriminately at the congregation.

Blood-spattered Bibles and overturned plastic chairs lay strewn across the church's floor after the attack.

"Both [men] carried big guns and began shooting all over the place. I fell to the ground and could hear screams," said Lilian Omondi, who was leading a prayer recital at the time.

Another bystander said the assailants walked unhurriedly out of the church and opened fire on people standing outside.

An interior ministry official later said the men escaped on foot.

"They were ordinary looking guys, one of them tall, dark and wearing a long-sleeved shirt. They walked casually as if all was OK," bystander Peter Muasya said.

"Then they started shooting at those of us who were standing outside."

The attackers tried to raid a second church nearby but fled when armed police on patrol in the area appeared.

Somali militant group Al Shabaab and local sympathisers have carried out multiple attacks in Kenya, in revenge for the Kenyan army's intervention in Somalia to crush Islamist rebels.

The Kenyan coast's large Muslim minority, many of whom feel marginalised by the predominantly Christian government, have been a fertile recruitment ground for Islamist militant networks.

Breaking up those networks has become a priority for the Nairobi government, but moderate clerics say its heavy-handed tactics have fuelled resentment among Muslim youths.

Kenya's parliament has called for better coordination between the security and intelligence agencies after 67 people were killed in a shopping mall attack in Nairobi in September.

The church shooting took place in Likoni, located across a deep-water channel from Mombasa city, a major tourist hub.

Police threw a dragnet over the neighbourhood following the shooting, rounding up more than 100 youths for questioning.

The attack came just days after prosecutors charged two Somalis with terrorism offences after police seized a car packed with explosives.

There was no immediate claim of responsibility. Likoni's police chief Robert Mureithi said it appeared the gunmen were armed with automatic weapons.

Radicalisation will be met with full force: interior minister

"This has all the indicators of a terrorist attack because the attackers did not steal anything and appeared focused on killing," Mr Mureithi said.

Two people were killed at the church and four more died of gunshot wounds in hospital, according to the Kenyan Red Cross.

At Mombasa's main hospital, doctors handed reporters X-rays showing bullets lodged in the skulls of a two-year-old boy, whose mother was killed, and a male adult they were treating.

Kenyan security officials say the Indian Ocean coastline has become a hotbed of radicalisation.

"Terrorism continues to grow in shape, colour and behaviour and when it assumes the phase of radicalisation ... it will be met (with) full force," interior minister Joseph Ole Lenku said.

Moderate clerics in Mombasa warn the forceful crackdown on militant recruitment networks is fuelling resentment.

"The attackers have not done this on behalf of any religion or right-thinking group," said Sheikh Juma Ngao, a prominent Muslim cleric in Mombasa.

"If they are hoping to drive a wedge between religious groups in this region, then they are greatly mistaken."

Kenyans are increasingly alarmed at the relative ease at which militants appear to move within the country, east Africa's biggest economy and a recipient of US counter-terrorism funding.

Al Shabaab said it carried out the Westgate mall siege in the capital to avenge the military deployment in Somalia and has threatened more strikes in Kenya and other nations which have sent troops to Somalia, including Uganda and Ethiopia. - ABC Australia.

Monday, March 24, 2014

MARKETPLACE AFRICA: Thinking Business - Ethiopia's Clothes Firms Aim To Fashion Global Sales!

March 24, 2014 - ETHIOPIA - Ethiopian fashion designer Fikirte Addis kneels down and wraps a tape measure around the waist of a customer, before scribbling on a piece of paper on which the outline of a flowing gown takes shape.

Yefikir Design's clothes are handmade from cotton.

The customer, Rihana Aman, owns a cafe in the capital, Addis Ababa, and went to Ms Fikirte's shop in the city, Yefikir Design, for a wedding dress fitting.  The dress, however, is actually for her sister, who lives and works in London, but will soon return to her homeland with her English fiance.  Ms Rihana explains how she shares her sister's figure, and that the cotton dress will be ready for when her sister arrives back for her "melse", the Ethiopian wedding ceremony.  "I love the traditional aspect of the clothing," Ms Rihana says of why she chose Yefikir. "So many dresses now are too modern, and use fabrics that lose what it means to be Ethiopian."  Along with other designers, Ms Fikirte is drawing on Ethiopia's rich cultural heritage while adding a modern twist to find success in the fashion industry at home - and increasingly abroad.  As a result, fashion design is proving to be one of the most successful Ethiopian sectors for small business and entrepreneurs, generating profit margins ranging from 50% to more than 100%. Rich heritage  Companies such as Yefikir have flourished in Ethiopia due to the absence of big chain department stores, and relatively low start-up costs, set against the high prices individuals are willing to pay for quality, traditionally made fashion garments.  All Yefikir designs are made by hand on weaving machines operated using techniques that go back centuries.

Yefikir's designs are not quick to make.

Flashes of colour come from strips of tilet and tilf - intricately woven or hand-embroidered multi-coloured patterns - which skirt hems, go around waists or course down backs.  It took Musie Teamrat, a 27-year-old embroider, 10 days to make three tilfs for one Yefikir dress.  As a result of such painstaking work, Yefikir's custom-made dresses can sell for up to 15,300 birr ($850; £530), a sizeable sum, especially in a country where many toil for no more than 50 birr a day.  Despite such apparent inequities, many Ethiopians - especially those in its growing middle class - are happy to pay handsomely for tailored garments with traditional influences, says 25-year-old fashion designer Mahlet Afework.

Fikirte Addis (centre) is looking at increasing her overseas sales.

She adds that Ethiopians take great pride in the country's ethnic diversity - about 84 languages and 200 dialects are spoken - and in displaying allegiances through clothing at special events such as weddings and festivals.  Her clothing line, Mafi, specialises in ready-to-wear garments offering a notably funky take on the country's ethnic melting pot, and one that has proved successful.  In 2012 Ms Mahlet won the Origin Africa Design Award, and showcased her work at African Fashion Week New York.

Home-spun skills

Ethiopia's successful fashion designers are predominantly women who grew up surrounded by traditionally woven cotton fabrics, and did not need to be taught the tailoring and embroidering skills required to make beautiful and delicate clothing. At the same time, a lack of formal fashion design education is preventing many Ethiopian designers from breaking out internationally, says Ms Mahlet, who is self-taught, and credits Google Search as her primary tutor.

Ethiopian clothing-makers generally stick to traditional methods.

She adds that those few Ethiopian institutions teaching fashion design run courses that are far shorter than the typical three-year fashion degrees taught in the West, and need to better impart the skills needed to compete internationally.  Another problem in the international arena is conducting sales transactions.  Banking restrictions mean there are no foreign banks in Ethiopia, and international customers are often suspicious of paying into African accounts, Ms Fikirte says.  Yefikir currently sells through Africa Design Hub, a US-based online store founded in 2013 by Western expatriates to showcase African designs while bridging markets.  Elizabeth Brown, the store's co-founder, says: "After living in East Africa for several years we saw the potential of African designs in the global market, but also a gap in market linkages, and knowledge sharing, between the industry and global consumers."

International arena

Yet global interest in Ethiopia's fashion scene is undoubtedly growing. "Ethiopia has some wonderful and interesting craftsmanship," says Markus Lupfer, a British fashion designer who since 2010 has mentored young Ethiopian fashion designers in developing collections.

Mahlet Afework's Mafi label specialises in modern designs from traditional materials.

He adds that growing international recognition for Ethiopia's designers is partly a result of increasing demand for ethically produced fashion designs.  Although for the majority of Ethiopia's fashion designers, there is not yet enough of that recognition.  And while local demand remains buoyant - this year Ms Mahlet plans to open in-store Mafi fashion concession areas in Addis-Ababa-based boutiques; common practice in the West, but a new concept in Ethiopia - designers agree that international demand is essential for significant business growth.  Ms Fikirte and Ms Mahlet plan to bolster their companies' online presences this year, with both sharing a goal of exporting their designs to overseas boutiques and online stores.  "Ethiopia's fashion industry is changing the image of Ethiopia," Ms Fikirte says. "It is showing the diversity and beauty of Ethiopian culture, and providing some of the world's best hand-woven cotton fabrics." - BBC.

AFRICAN START-UPS: Abdikarim Salah Mohamud - The Man Who Established Somaliland's "Yellow Cab" Service!

March 24, 2014 - SOMALILAND -  It's a typically buttoned-up, breezy night in Hargeisa when a child is born in one of Abdikarim Salah Mohamud's minivan cabs. The cab's driver stands at the side of a dusty backstreet.

Abdikarim Salah Mohamud left Somaliland in 1988 for Melbourne and returned 23 years later to start Hargeisa Taxi.

It's 3 a.m.  In the back of the minivan lies a young woman and her newborn son, his impromptu arrival relayed anxiously via phone to the Hargeisa Taxi office.  Mohamud's assistant, a soft-spoken beanpole called Ahmed, coaches his charge calmly throughout as the baby makes his unscripted world debut.  "No one even woke me!" Mohamud says.  Ahmed sits next to him and smiles, presumably at his own professionalism: "The roads probably did it for her."  Hargeisa is the capital city of Somaliland, a breakaway state that clamors for independence from its terror-torn neighbor -- Somalia.  Shattered by decades of civil war, dictatorship and terror, the city is racing toward a better future: bright new office blocks poke out from the desert and markets, once empty, throng daily.  But there's still only one well-paved street in Hargeisa.  Every other one is a chalky, rock-strewn dirt track, bullying cars into early retirement.  It's a tough place to found a taxi service; tougher still if, like Mohamud, you're intent on giving Somaliland a cab service fit for a Western city.

Evil roads

"Every second week we have to change the cars' tires because of the roads," Mohamud tells me at his villa on the edge of town, air thick with the smell of sweet Somali tea.  He's a small, rawboned man, sharply dressed with a shaven head and a deep, booming voice.  "Maintenance here is tough," he says. "The shock absorbers take a big hit."  Hargeisa's roads may have put many a dent in Mohamud's cars.  But they haven't broken a dream, made in Melbourne where he drove a cab for more than two decades, to make taxis accessible to all Hargeisans rather than to simply a small elite.  Hargeisa Taxi recently celebrated a year in business.

Hargeisa Taxi wants to bring a little "yellow cab" color to Somaliland.
Before then traveling across town was different.  "When we started out, Hargeisa had a few unmarked cabs," he says. "If you didn't speak Somali you wouldn't know which one was a taxi and which was a private car. We wanted to change that.  "The price of a cab from Hargeisa city center to where we are now cost about 100,000 Somaliland shillings," says Mohamud. "That's the equivalent of $15, a lot even for Melbourne. But that was the deal: you paid $15 or you walked.  "There were only five taxi stands in the city, so you had to get to one first," he adds. "Even without the fare being the issue, how are you going to get a cab?  "The world has moved on. We are in 2014."  Hargeisa Taxi knocked 80 percent off the fare, a feat advertised across the back of every one of its car: ANYWHERE ANYTIME $3.  Cabs are ordered by cell phone, one of few modern technologies ubiquitous in Somaliland.  Even nomadic farmers make deals on their handsets these days -- a sign of progress in a state that's suffered more than most the past century.

Long road to business ownership

From British rule to united Somalia in 1960, Somaliland has clambered toward quasi-independence past the brutal dictatorship of Mohamed Siad Barre, which ended more than two decades ago, and numerous failed insurgencies by Al Qaeda affiliate group Al Shabaab.  It remains, officially, a region of Somalia.  But while Mogadishu's fragile government lays besieged by deadly terror attacks, Somaliland hasn't suffered an attack in four years.  Mohamud left Hargeisa in 1988 at age 17 to study communications in Melbourne, becoming one of the million or so members of the Somali diaspora.  To make money he drove cabs -- a job he'd continue part time for the next 23 years.  When he returned home in May 2011 to work on a project for a local TV station, the draw of a safer Somaliland was strong.  "'This is home,' I said to my wife. 'I have to come back.'"  Six months later Mohamud resigned from his media job in Melbourne and seven months after that, using money he'd saved in Australia, Hargeisa Taxi was up and running.  Starting a company in a country that doesn't exist, unsurprisingly, is no smooth ride.  "Here business is about who you know," Mohamud says. "Money is not the issue. It takes time."

Employment problems

There's only one well-paved street in Hargeisa.
Unemployment is a big worry across Somaliland.  Some fear it could drag Hargeisa's young men toward Al Shabaab's deadly campaigns, which currently bubble just beyond the border with Somaliland's partially autonomous eastern neighbor, Puntland.  Returning diaspora members such as Mohamud, however, are driving Somaliland away from its turbulent past, pushing its economy into the black and providing low-level employment.  This feels especially vital in a religiously conservative region where families often reach double figures.  "The youngest of our drivers is 24 and he has two kids," Mohamud says as his own little girl, the youngest of five children, clambers all over him.  "The oldest guy has eleven. There are a total of 122 kids served by the company. Hargeisa Taxi feeds them, puts them in school uniforms, gives them books, everything. I'm very happy."  Security in Hargeisa has also changed.  Not long ago violence and crime were rife and all foreigners were mandated to travel with an SPU, or Special Police Unit -- often little more than a vigilante with a rusty AK-47.  Now it's rare to see anyone other than military personnel wielding a firearm.  Mohamud believes his cabs are helping the shift toward peace.  "Before, if the driver took your bag or your money, you didn't know who he was," he says. "Today, every driver has an ID card and a police check to ensure he's never been a criminal."

Taxis first, infrastructure later

Hargeisa Taxi takes measures to ensure a safe ride.
Hargeisa is still well off the beaten track.  A new airport and the discovery of mineral resources may change that.  The city itself is a dusty oasis crammed full of roadside cafes and markets selling handmade goods.  A few miles outside Hargeisa is Laas Geel, a series of ancient hand-painted caves.  Road signs are few.  Thankfully, Hargeisa Taxi has an answer.  "Every Hargeisa Taxi on the road has a GPS signal," Mohamud says, tapping his laptop. "We know every minute where they are. If they try taking a bad route we can switch the car off."  He's referring to a device that enables the disabling of any of the cars at the push of a button.  "My daughter could ride in Hargeisa alone now without me worrying about her."  Since Hargeisa Taxi began operating, three other taxi companies have popped up: Dalhis Taxi, Maroodi Jeh and Raaxo.  The latter, with its fleet of tiny Kias and Toyotas, has given Mohamud a run for his money.

But Hargeisa Taxi's 35 sedans and minivans offer greater luxury and accessibility for the elderly and disabled.  And there's no mistaking their bright, jonquil color.  "It's similar to New York or Melbourne," says Mohamud. "The idea was that people who come here -- whether they speak Somali, English, Arabic or even Chinese -- would have seen at least one movie with yellow taxis in it. We may not have the infrastructure of those cities. But we can have the taxis.  "Hargeisa is a good place. We made it worse, but it's getting better. One day we will be like London or New York -- you will come to visit us!"  Mohamud's family join him in the room, asking questions and drinking tea.  A car revs up outside.  I ask if he misses anything about Australia.  "Maybe if you ask me that question in two or three years my answer might be different," he says. "But now I have family around me. What else can you ask for?" - CNN.

DIGITAL DIVIDE: African Americans And Technology Use - A Demographic Portrait!

March 24, 2014 - UNITED STATES - This report on African Americans and technology is the first in a series of demographic snapshots of technology use and adoption among different groups of adults in the United States.

Based on a survey of 6,010 American adults, including 664 who identify as African American, it offers a detailed look at a number of key subgroups within the black population such as: men vs. women, old vs. young, low income vs. high income, and parents vs. non-parents.

The black/white “digital divide” continues to persist, but is not consistent across technology platforms or demographic groups
African Americans have long been less likely than whites to use the internet and to have high speed broadband access at home, and that continues to be the case. Today, African Americans trail whites by seven percentage points when it comes to overall internet use (87% of whites and 80% of blacks are internet users), and by twelve percentage points when it comes to home broadband adoption (74% of whites and 62% of blacks have some sort of broadband connection at home). At the same time, blacks and whites are on more equal footing when it comes to other types of access, especially on mobile platforms.

In addition, the gap between whites and blacks when it comes to traditional measures of internet and broadband adoption is more pronounced among certain demographic subgroups than among others. Specifically, older African Americans, as well as those who have not attended college, are significantly less likely to go online or to have broadband service at home compared to whites with a similar demographic profile. African Americans age 65 and older have especially low adoption rates compared with whites. Just 45% of black seniors are internet users, and 30% have broadband at home (among white seniors, 63% go online and 51% are broadband adopters).

On the other hand, young, college-educated, and higher-income African Americans are just as likely as their white counterparts to use the internet and to have broadband service at home. Some 86% of African Americans ages 18-29 are home broadband adopters, as are 88% of black college graduates and 91% of African Americans with an annual household income of $75,000 or more per year. These figures are all well above the national average for broadband adoption, and are identical to whites of similar ages, incomes, and education levels.

Twitter is especially popular among younger African Americans

Overall, 73% of African American internet users—and 96% of those ages 18-29—use a social networking site of some kind. African Americans have exhibited relatively high levels of Twitter use since we began tracking the service as a stand-alone platform, and this continues to be the case—22% of online blacks are Twitter users, compared with 16% of online whites.

Younger African Americans in particular have especially high rates of Twitter use. Fully 40% of 18-29 year old African Americans who use the internet say that they use Twitter. That is 12 percentage points higher than the comparable figure for young whites (28% of whom are Twitter users).

The mobile difference: 92% of African Americans own a cell phone, and 56% own a smartphone

In contrast to internet use and broadband adoption, blacks and whites are equally likely to own a cell phone of some kind, and also have identical rates of smartphone ownership. Some 92% of black adults are cell phone owners, and 56% own a smartphone of some kind. Cell phone ownership is much more common than internet use among older African Americans. Just 45% of African Americans ages 65 and older use the internet, but 77% are cell phone owners (most of these seniors own basic cell phones, as only 18% are smartphone owners). Overall, 72% of all African Americans—and 98% of those between the ages of 18 and 29—have either a broadband connection or a smartphone.

About this survey

The findings in this report are based on data from telephone interviews conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International from July 18 to September 30, 2013, among a sample of 6,010 adults ages 18 and older.  Telephone interviews were conducted in English and Spanish by landline and cell phone.

Findings for African Americans are based on the 664 respondents who identified themselves as black or African American, and not of Hispanic or Latino background. In the interest of readability, throughout this report African Americans are compared only to whites, and not to other racial or ethnic groups. The Pew Research Center’s Hispanic Trends Project has collected data recently on technology use among Latinos, which can be found at

Additionally, we do not report findings based on geographic location because the number of rural African Americans in this survey (n=75) was too small to report.

For detailed demographic tables and methods, click HERE.

- Pew Research.

Sunday, March 23, 2014

EUROPEAN VAMPIRISM: The Pervasively Savage War Against Black People - Monsanto's "Healthier Environment" Ads Banned In South Africa!

March 23, 2014 - SOUTH AFRICA - The Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) of South Africa has ordered biotech titan Monsanto to withdraw its ads on local radio in which the company boasts the supposed benefits of GM crops, including a “healthier environment” and “more food sustainably.”

AFP Photo/Philippe Huguen

The authority's order for Monsanto to withdraw its commercial on Radio 702 will take immediate effect, according to a press release on the entity's website.

According to the ASA, the claims made by the leading producer of genetically engineered crops are unsubstantiated.

The move follows a complaint to the ASA lodged by the African Centre for Biosafety (ACB) about the commercial.

In the ads, the agricultural giant claims that GM crops “enable us to produce more food sustainably whilst using fewer resources; provide a healthier environment by saving on pesticides; decrease greenhouse gas emissions and increase crop yields substantially.”

The compliant was supported by Judith Taylor from the environmental and anti-nuclear organization Earthlife Africa, according to the ASA.

Monsanto responded to the complaint but was unable to provide input from an independent and credible expert confirming the ostensible benefits of GM crops, as is required by South African advertising law.

“We are elated with this decision. Monsanto has already been warned by the ASA as far back as 2007, that it needs to substantiate its claims from an independent and credible expert in the matter of GM Food/M Wells/ 8739 (18 June 2007) regarding its claims of the so called benefits of GM crops. However, it appears Monsanto does not have much regard for South African law as it is hell bent on disseminating false information to the South African public, “ said Mariam Mayet, executive director of the ACB, according to its press release.

The ASA has warned Monsanto that “it should ensure that it holds proper substantiation for its advertising claims” or risk the expansion of further sanctions on the company – the products of which have already been banned in several countries.

France is among those countries which have enacted a recent ban. The nation's agricultural ministry on Saturday banned the sale, use, and cultivation of Monsanto’s genetically modified maize MON 810. France insists that GM crops pose significant environmental risks. Another ban was imposed by China when the country last year refused no fewer than five shipments of American corn allegedly over concerns that it could have been tainted by a biotech variety of the crop. - RT.

THE RISE OF THE MOORS: The Precursors To The Complete And Total Detachment From Failed European Vampirism And Christian Dominionism - 150 Christians Massacred In Nigeria While They Sleep, As Africans Continue Their War On The Church!

March 23, 2014 - NIGERIA - While many of us were enjoying our Friday evenings, a massacre was taking place in Nigeria that left between 100 and 150 Christians dead and around 200 homes burned to the ground.

At around 10pm Nigeria time last night while villagers were asleep, more than 40 Fulani herdsmen attacked the Ungwan Gata, Me-Sankwai and Tekum villages in Manchok (Kaura Local Government), which is located in Southern Kaduna, Nigeria. Southern Kaduna is a predominantly Christian.

These jihadi attackers first set fire to homes and when the Christians attempted to escape their homes, they were shot dead or butchered with machetes. The ones who could not escape their homes burned to death.

No one attacked was spared, including women and children. A pastor, his wife, and their children, of one of the villages, were said to be among the butchered.

The attack lasted around four hours until the Nigerian military arrived, at which point the jihadis fled.

A group in southern Kaduna wondered how this attack could have lasted so long without the authorities intervening.

According to PUNCH NIGERIA, Dr. John Danfulani, a spokesman for Centrum Initiative for Development and Rights Advocacy (CEDRA), suggested the state government and its agents were just playing politics with the insecurity in the area. He warned that the patience of the people of the area was fast running out:
“It is clear that the state government and their agents are only playing politics with the insecurity ravaging Southern Kaduna region. They should know that posterity will judge them and they have began journey into political wilderness as blood of our helpless villagers is on their heads.”
Danfulani pointed out that these attacks were part of a larger genocide of Christians in southern Kaduna. - The Right Scoop.

EUROPEAN RACISM: Study - Violent Video Games Encourage Racist, Aggressive Attitudes Toward Blacks!

March 23, 2014 - UNITED STATES - Violent video games encourage negative racial attitudes and thoughts, with white game players displaying stronger implicit and explicit aggressive attitudes toward blacks when they play as black characters.

Violent video games encourage negative racial attitudes and thoughts, with white game players displaying stronger
implicit and explicit aggressive attitudes toward blacks when they play as black characters.
(Photo credit should read TOSHIFUMI KITAMURA/AFP/Getty Images)

A new study from researchers at The Ohio State University and the University of Michigan finds that white gamers who played as black avatars exhibited more racist sentiments, including connections made between blacks and weapons and photos of black people being linked to words such as “horrible” and “evil.”

“This is a very troubling finding,” the researchers write in the journal Social Psychological and Personality Science.

“Our research suggests that people who play violent video games as violent black characters are more likely to believe that blacks are violent people,” writes a research team led by Grace Yang of the University of Michigan and Brad Bushman of the Ohio State University. “Playing a violent video game as a black character reinforces harmful stereotypes that blacks are violent.”

The study examined the effects of playing violent video games as a black avatar (versus a white character) on racial stereotypes and aggression. Games such as Grand Theft Auto V and Saints Row 2 allow players to choose the race of their character, and the study findings suggest that a player’s aggression against others is increased “immediately afterwards” in some cases, “even more than playing a violent game as white characters would.”

“The media has the power to perpetuate the stereotype that blacks are violent, and this is certainly seen in video games,” Bushman told The Daily Mail. “This violent stereotype may be more prevalent in video games than in any other form of media because being a black character in a video game is almost synonymous with being a violent character.”

In a second portion of the study, 141 white college students – 65 percent being female — played one of two games: WWE Smackdown vs. RAW 2010, or Fight Night Round 4. They spent equal time playing as both black and white avatars.

Half the participants in one portion of the study played a violent game in which they attempted to break out of prison, “which required them to kill many guards.” Others played a non-violent game in which they were tasked with finding “a chapel somewhere in the city,” and to refrain from harming others.

After playing the games for 20 minutes, participants who played as black avatars were more likely to link photos of black faces with weapons, while those who played as white characters associated white faces with objects such as mobile phones.

They were also asked to respond to statements measured on a “symbolic racism scale” such as, “If blacks would only try harder, they could be just as well off as whites.”

Participants were also tested on a seemingly unrelated food preferences test in which they tested hot sauce, and then were asked how much another person would like the spicy food.

Among players of the violent game, those who used a black avatar gave their “partner” more hot sauce compared to those who used a white avatar. The black avatar participants gave the hypothetical food “partner” more than double (115 percent) the amount of chili sauce than participants who played as white avatars.

The researchers suggested this element of the study was “particularly noteworthy,” because “this increase in aggression occurred over and above any increase in aggression among participants playing the violent game as a white avatar.”

In addition to negative attitudes held toward black people, the study noted that women and police were depicted negatively in a way that may have aggressive effects following gameplay.

“Police are portrayed as brutal. Players witnessing or enacting these violent actions may develop a distrust of police,” write the researchers. “Other violent games portray women in a sexualized and stereotypic way” that may impact male attitudes toward women in their real lives.

According to FBI data on violent crime and murder rates, in 2012, an estimated 1,214,462 violent crimes occurred nationwide, an increase of 0.7 percent from the 2011 estimate. Of the 12,765 murder victims in 2012 for which supplemental data were received, most (77.7 percent) were male.

Concerning murder victims for whom race was known, 51.1 percent were black, 46.3 percent were white, and 2.6 percent were of other races. Race was unknown for 130 victims. Of the offenders for whom race was known, 52.4 percent were black, 45.2 percent were white, and 2.4 percent were of other races. The race was unknown for 4,077 offenders. - CBS.

BLACK EVENTS: "RAS TAFARI: The Majesty & the Movement Exhibition" - May 25 To June 25, 2014 At The National Museum Of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa!

March 23, 2014 - ETHIOPIA - RAS TAFARI: THE MAJESTY AND THE MOVEMENT is an exhibition devoted to the celebration, preservation, interpretation and overstanding of the contributions and experiences of His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie I, and the Pan African Movement known by The Majesty’s early name, Ras Tafari. The main exhibition will be housed at The Ethiopian National Museum and Institute of Ethiopian Studies at Addis Ababa University (AAU) in 2014 with satellite exhibits in Shashamane and Harar. Memorabilia, rare and valuable items, century old documents and ephemera, will be included.

An opportunity for 2nd and 3rd generation Pan African Rasta youth to share their recent films, books and expressions through the exhibit and ancillary events will also be provided. This is an important component of the exhibit as it allows viewers to see the continuity and further development of the Movement, after its almost 100 years inception. The exhibition is a collaborative effort of Ethiopia Rastafari Exhibition Committee, Ethiopia Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Ethiopian National Museum, AAU, Exhibit Advisory Committee, Rita Marley Foundation and D.Y.M.D.C. & Associates.

The Smithsonian Institute National Museum of Natural History closed “Discovering Ras Tafari” Exhibit in November 2011. They provided millions of viewers with an important glimpse into the world of Ras Tafari. Dr. Desta Meghoo was appointed advisor on the Smithsonian exhibit, by the Ancient Council of the Nyahbinghi Order; however realizing the size, scope, context and other limiting aspects of “Discovering Ras Tafari” exhibit, decided with Nana Rita Marley and other Ras Tafari brethren and sistrin, it was time to create and curate RAS TAFARI: THE MAJESTY AND THE MOVEMENT Exhibit. It is time for the proverbial "lion to tell its own story." This exhibition will reflect the tireless journey of a people, wrenched from our Motherland, enduring tortuous treatment in foreign places; but with a deeply rooted spiritual and genetic memory, we were protected, connected and guided home. This is the fascinating and passionate story of our survival and the strength Ethiopia and the Emperor provided. We will open a wide portal to education and enlightenment for the people of Ethiopia and her many international visitors.

With Addis Ababa the political capital of Africa, seat of the African Union; Harar receiving World Heritage Site award and recognition by UNESCO; and Shashamane as spiritual home of Rastas, gifted to the ‘Black Peoples of the West’, Ethiopia is the perfect choice. Further, many Ethiopians and Africans in general do not know of His Imperial Majesty’s role and relationship with the international world, towards the development of Ethiopia and the advancement of Pan Africanism in a quest for world peace. Fortunately, history has recorded His contributions throughout the African Diaspora and beyond. On the other hand, the Ras Tafari Movement remains one on the most misunderstood spiritual revivals seeded in the 19th century. Ironically, even many Rastas lack access to cohesive and complete information; notwithstanding the million responses available on Google search and youth’s reliance on rhetoric or reggae for inspiration and/or guidance. The mission of RAS TAFARI: THE MAJESTY AND THE MOVEMENT is to accurately present and interpret the contributions and relevance of Ras Tafari in the context of Pan Africanism and towards a united Africa.

The exhibit will focus on experiences and events that shaped both the Majesty and the Ras Tafari Movement. The collection of cultural items, art, photos, ephemera, books, rare items, videos, music and more will cover topics including the Transatlantic Slave Trade, Ethiopianism, Garveyism, Pan Africanism, Howellites, Coral Gardens Massacre, Repatriation, Role of Ras Tafari Women, traditional Ras Tafari drums and chants, reggae music and more. The exhibition hopes to offer accompanying and continued unique learning opportunities and exchange through an extensive compilation of research materials, conferences, concerts, cultural celebrations, films, and other programs exploring the diverse and unique histories and development of Ras Tafari around the world. Our aim is to create greater awareness of the impact of His Imperial Majesty on the African Diaspora and the Ras Tafari Movement for those who would not ordinarily have the opportunity to be exposed to such history and cultural wealth. We are also working towards the development of a research center housing books, periodicals and records related to the study of Ras Tafari and Pan Africanism attracting scholars and students from around the world.


Thursday May 22: Day 1
9AM - Registration for Delegates/Participants @ National Museum

11AM TO 5 PM A. Ethnographic Museum @Addis Ababa University Institute of Ethiopian Studies (former Palace of HIM)
B. Ethiopian National Museum for Origins of Man exhibit featuring Endenknesh aka "Lucy"
C. Haile Selassie (Trinity) Cathedral and St. Giorgis Cathedral (Coronation Site)D. AFRICAN UNION

7:00 PM Ethiopian Welcome Dinner with traditional music and dance from various regions.

Friday May 23: Day 2
9 AM - Round Table Discussion- From Jamaica to the World: Overstanding the Contributions of the Ras Tafari Movement Towards Pan African Consciousness and African Re-Integration. Participants include Representatives from International Exhibition Committees, Rastafari Mansions, African Union, Addis Ababa University etc.OPEN TO THE PUBLIC

1:30 Visit Entoto Museum & Historic Palace of Emperor Menelik II & Empress Taitu.
3:00 to 6:00 pm Nyahbinghi Ises Ceremony . OPEN TO THE PUBLICDinner will be served after Ises.

Saturday, May 24: Day 3
9:00 AM Round Table Discussion: Impact of Ras Tafari Culture & Artistic Expressions on Africa and African Youth. Participants include local and international Rastafari youth, artists, academicians, activists and several African Embassies.OPEN TO THE PUBLIC

1:00 LUNCH
2:00 Shopping at Sheromeda for local made clothing and crafts.
6:00 to 9:00 pm National Theater International Concert: RASTAFARI RHYMES, RHYTHMS & REGAL MUSIC featuring local and international artists.

Sunday May 25: Day 4
11:00 AM to 1:00 PM Opening Reception at National Museum of Ethiopia for RAS TAFARI THE MAJESTY & THE MOVEMENT EXHIBITION by Invitation only.
(Open to public 2pm to 5pm)
2:00 pm Delegation departs for Shashamane by Coaster bus (4 hours) Nyahbinghi Ceremony in Shashamane. Overnight at Lilly of the Valley Hotel Rastafari owned and operated property.

Monday, May 26: Day 5
Ethiopian Coffee Ceremony 10 am Shashamane: Opening Ceremony of RTMM Exhibition: The Shashamane Experience @ Shashamane Cultural Center: Officiated by Shashamane Culture & Tourism Representatives, Hon. Priest Paul Phang and Rastafari Elders in Shashamane.
12:00 Lunch 1:00 pm Visit Wondo Ganet to H.I.M. ORGANIC FARM & Healing Hot Springs
6:00pm Return to Lilly of the Valley Dinner

Tuesday, May 27: Day 6
9 am Departure to Addis Ababa through Tiya And Malkakunture (Pre historic sites
1:00 lunch in Butajerah
5:00 pm Arrive AddisCheck in to Stay Easy Hotel
7:00 Dinner at Zebra Grill

Wednesday, May 28: Day 7
4:30 AM Depart for Axum by air @ 7am (90 minute flight arrive at 9:00 am)
Check in at Sabean Hotel Visit ancient stellaes & St. Mariam of Zion Church Museum & King Caleb's Palace

Thursday, May 29 Day 8
6am Depart Axum at 8:am for 10:00 flight arrive Lalibella by air 11:00 (30 minute flight)Check in and lunch at Lal Hotel
1:00 to 530 Visit 11 Rock Hewn churches
630 dinner at Lal

Friday, May 30 - Day 9
8 am Depart for Gondar by air (40 minute flight) arrive Gondar by noonLunch at Four Sisters
130 Visit Fasiledas Castles and Selassie Church
4pm Depart for Bahir Dar by Chartered Vehicle (3 hour drive)
7pm Arrive Bahir Dar for dinner on the Tana Hotel at sunset.Overnight at Abayminch Hotel

Saturday, May 31 -Day 10
9 am to 11 am - Lake Tana Zegue Penninsula with Eura Kidane Meheret Monastery and mouth of the Nile.
12:00 Lakeview Lunch at Dani's
130 to 5 pm Visit Tis Abay/ Blue Nile Falls
Snacks on the roadArrive at Bahir Dar airport by 6:00 pm to Depart by air for Addis at 8pm (90 minute flight)
Check in and have Late Dinner at Stay Easy Restaurant

Sunday, June 1: Day 11
9 am Drive to Harar (scenic 8 hour drive by chartered vehicle)
1:00 Picnic Lunch @ asebe tafari lunchDinner in Harar the Gated City Over night at Palace Hotel

Monday, June 2: Day 12.
8:00 am to Ejersa Goro to noon Visit Ras Mekonen Musuem childhood home of Ras Tafari, UNESCO Heritage Sites Walled City etc.
3:00pm depart for Addis by road night in Nazret at Rift Valley Hotel Late evening arrival in Addis Ababa

Tuesday, June 3 - Day 13
AM Relax at Sodere Hot Springs Arrive Addis by lunchtime


1. Addis Ababa- Ethiopia National Museum May to November 2014.
2. Harar - Satellite exhibit on the birthplace and childhood of Ras Tafari from 1892 to early 1900’s.
3. Shashamane - Satellite exhibit on the history and development of the Shashamane land grant 1940’s to 2010

For more information, please visit the official Facebook page HERE, email Exhibit Coordinator Dr. Desta Meghoo - or call 251118500126.

- Rasta Ites.

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